Healthy Tips

Ovarian Cancer: Stages Phases and Treatment

Written by Thalib Tantary

What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer, also known as ovarian cancer, is one of the most common diseases in women. In general, the disease is diagnosed when it is at an advanced level. Therefore, the treatment of ovarian cancer is quite difficult. Patients are much more fortunate when they are diagnosed from progression and the recovery rate is much higher. In women with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer, familial inheritance may occur, and ovarian cancer is associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer. Patients with ovarian cancer over 65 years of age, overweight (obesity patients) and patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are more common in ovarian cancer.

What are the Stages of Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is a disease caused by excessive division of epithelial cells which are the main cells in the structure of the ovary and other cells of the embryonic period. If the disease occurred after menopause, disruption occurred in the main cells. If it was under the age of 20, the deterioration occurred more in the embryonic cells. When ovarian cancer stages are detected, it is determined how far the disease progresses and whether it leaps to other organs. The stage of diagnosis of ovarian cancer is very important. The progress or recovery of the disease depends entirely on it.
Know More: How Breast Cancer in Women’s Lives

Ovarian Cancer Phases;

  • In the first stage, ovarian cancer can be seen in only one or both of the ovaries. However, it has not yet spread to another organ. The first stage is divided into three. At the beginning of the first stage, ovarian cancer is only in an ovary. In the second stage of the first stage, ovarian cancer spread to both ovaries, but not elsewhere. At a later stage, the cancer has crossed the ovarian limit. A cyst above the ovary can be blown and the cancer cell can be detected in a place other than the ovary.
  • Cancer in the second stage of ovarian cancer may spread to other organs within our pelvis. The second phase has three stages. In the first of these stages, the cancer spread to the uterus and the tubes. In the second stage of the second stage, the cancer cell can be seen in the bladder or colon. In the final stage of this phase, any of the first two stages of cancer has exceeded the ovarian limit. Cancer cells can also be seen in the abdominal fluid.
  • In the third phase, the cancer spread into the abdomen and held the lymph nodes. In the first stage of this phase, cancer cells can be observed in a very small percentage of the abdomen. In the second stage, the cancer cells, which grow a little more, are detected in the third stage as two centimeters.
  • In the fourth phase, the last stage of ovarian cancer, cancer cells leap to more distant organs. Cancer cells can be seen in the liver or lungs.

Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Ovarian cancer is treated surgically. It is tried to determine the cancerous areas by taking samples from the tissues in the abdomen. Surgery can be performed at all stages of the disease. After surgery, chemotherapy is applied. If the cancerous mass is enlarged, the cancerous mass cannot be taken immediately, as the removal of the mass can damage the other organs. Preoperative reduction of the mass with chemotherapy is attempted. After shrinkage, cancerous masses and tissues are removed by surgical intervention.
In ovarian cancer surgery, it is aimed to remove all tissues and organs in which cancer is spread. The operation is performed extensively in general, including both ovaries, tubes, uterus and surrounding lymph nodes, including the abdominal fat tissue layer and appendicitis, also known as omentum. No cancerous tissue is left behind. If the tumor is largely removed, chemotherapy may be more effective. Thus, the chance of an ovarian cancer patient to respond to treatment and the chance of survival also increases. It is very important that the surgery is performed under appropriate and appropriate conditions and done by experts. The patient’s recovery depends on the success of the surgery.
After the operation, it is checked whether the disease leaps to another organ in the body. If cancerous cells are not spread, there may be no need for chemotherapy after ovarian cancer surgery. But if there is a symptom of spread, postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy should be applied. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy is applied as 6 or 8 cycles depending on the development of the disease. New methods are also used in the treatment of the disease. Application can also be made with targeted agents. The possibility of curing is increased. During the treatment, the uterus is protected. If the patient is young and the development of the disease is appropriate, only the cancerous cancer and cancerous ovary are removed. It is aimed to treat the disease without splashing disease to the uterus and the ovary.

Ovarian Cancer Recovery Rate

The possibility of recovery of the individual with ovarian cancer and the patient’s response to treatment depends primarily on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed. The disease can be treated to a great extent if it is recognized very early and appropriate treatments are applied. In later stages, the recovery rate of the patient decreases. Pre-cancer periodically to see a doctor and after the surgery to prevent the possibility of propagation is not necessary to prevent the disease is not prevented.

What to Consider After Surgery

If the patient has undergone open surgery, the pain decreases within a week and the patient can do their daily work comfortably. After closed surgery, the healing process takes place in two days. If you work, it may take 2-3 weeks to return to work; If additional treatments such as post-operative chemotherapy, radiotherapy are needed, the process may be longer. Even if the surgery of ovarian cancer patients is successful, they may recur within 5 years after surgery. For this reason, it is recommended to perform an examination every three months. These tests are repeated for at least five years. In case of recurrence of the disease, ovarian cancer is tried to be treated by surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy methods. Although it changes according to the stages, it is tried to increase the survival chance of the patient with regular controls and treatment.

People With Ovarian Cancer

Since the life of the individual with ovarian cancer will change completely, she must make new arrangements in her life after learning the disease. To establish a healthy dialogue with the doctor, to know about the disease and to know about the disease and it has positive results for him to raise awareness. The individual diagnosed with ovarian cancer should prepare himself for frequent checkups. Being planned, keeping a notebook, recording appointments and treatments regularly will help to follow the course of the disease. The patient should be able to ask all questions related to his / her mind, understand the options for treatment and be able to participate in the selection of those who are suitable with the guidance of the doctor.

Reviews of Patients with Ovarian Cancer

People with ovarian cancer often complain of frequent urination, gas, nausea, indigestion and currents. Patients with ovarian cancer communicate with each other and share the progress of their own disease can provide relief. Both physically and spiritually, it would be good for the patient to get enough information to be ready for treatment. If you have complaints such as constipation, frequent urination, loss of appetite, vaginal bleeding, weight loss abdominal swelling, groin pain, indigestion, gas and nausea, you should see a doctor without delay. Because, as with all types of cancer, early diagnosis in ovarian cancer also saves lives. Although none of these symptoms are present, you should have a cervical sputum and smear test performed at least once a year.

About the author

Thalib Tantary

My name is Thalib Mushtaq Tantary and i am the founder of this very site. I am a medical or civil engineering student and i love to help people get out of trouble they counter in their lives.
Since most often students find it difficult to understand their text books or even there many who can not afford such books, therefore we prepared ourselves to solve this problem faced by them.

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