Education

Resources: Meaning, Definition and Types

Here, we are going to explain the – definition, meaning and various types of resources which is one of the popular concepts in the geography:

1. Resources Definition

A resource has been defined as a source of supply or support generally held in reserve. Some of the fine examples of the resources are water, air, sun light, Soil, Forests, Wildlife, Fishes, Minerals etc.

2. Types of Resources

Generally, there are three major type of resources which have been categorized on the basis of following parameters:

  • On the basis of abundance and availability.
  • On the basis of life content.
  • On the basis of origin.

Well, On the basis of abundance and availability, the resources can be grouped into two categories:

  1. In-Exhaustible Resources: Those resources which are present in unlimited quantity in nature are called inexhaustible resources. Such resources can be used again and again and are not likely to be exhausted by human activities. Few examples of inexhaustible natural resources are sunlight, air etc.
  2. Exhaustible Resources: Those resources which are present in limited quantity in nature are called exhaustible resources. Such resources cannot be used again and again and are likely to be exhausted are coal, petroleum etc. Exhaustible resources are further divided into two resources:

Renewable Resources: Those resources which are being continuously consumed by man but can be renewed E.g., water, soil, forests etc.

Non Renewable Resources: Those resources which are being continuously consumed by man and cannot be renewed. E.g., fossil fuels like coal, petroleum etc.

On the basis of life content, the resources can be grouped into three categories:

  1.  Biotic: They are the living resources of the environment. E.g., plants, animals etc.
  2. Abiotic: They are the non-living resources of the environment. E.g., air, water etc.
  3.  In- Organic: These elements are include like calcium, phosphorus etc.

and on the basis of origin, the resources can be grouped into two categories:

a) Natural Resources:

  • Those resources which are available with nature.
  • Those resources, the development of which depends upon the human resources.
  • Those resources which are essential for the development of the economy of a country.
  • Examples are Land, Water, Air, Minerals etc.

b) Man made Resources:

  • Those resources which have been made by human beings.
  • Those resources which are products of man’s knowledge.
  • These are essential for the development of the natural resources.
  • Examples are Machines, Buildings, Dams, Bridges etc.

About the author

Thalib Tantary

My name is Thalib Mushtaq Tantary and i am the founder of this very site. I am a medical or civil engineering student and i love to help people get out of trouble they counter in their lives.
Since most often students find it difficult to understand their text books or even there many who can not afford such books, therefore we prepared ourselves to solve this problem faced by them.

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