Characteristic Features of Terrestrial Ecosystems

Alright friends, today we will be explaining to you what are the characteristic features of a terrestrial ecosystem. Let’s get started…

Terrestrial ecosystems are governed by the yearly difference of temperature, rainfall, soil condition, availability of nutrients and of sunlight and many other Abiotic as well as Biotic factors of the environment. The five major Terrestrial ecosystems are as under.

1. Tundra

The tundra biome lies between the arctic ocean and the coniferous forests and it stretches over an area about 5 million across North America, Europe and Asia beyond 60°N latitude. The animals are arctic fox, polar bear, snowy bear, lemming, reptiles, amphibians, etc are almost absent.

2. Taiga

They extend in a giant circle around northern Europe, Asia, and North America but in areas of more moderate temperatures than tundras. The dominating vegetation is coniferous evergreens with some pine and firs. The animals are small seed-eating birds and predators such as hawks, fur-bearing Carnivores, little mink, Elka, puma, Siberian tiger, wolves, etc.

3. Temperate Deciduous Forest

They extend over central and southern Europe, eastern North America, Western China, Japan, New Zealand, etc. the flora includes trees like beech, oak, maple, and cherry. Most animals are familiar vertebrates and invertebrates.

4. Tropical Rain Forest

They are found in the Tropical areas of high rainfall in the equatorial regions of Central America and northern South America. They dominated multiple stories of broad-leafed evergreen species. Animals are found annelids, arthropods, amphibians, and reptiles.

5. Savanna: Tropical region dominated by grasses with scattered trees and fire resisting thorny shrubs. The fauna includes a great diversity of grazers and browsers such as antelopes, buffaloes, zebras, elephants, and rhinoceros.

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