If you aim to learn definition, terms, tools and construction of stone masonry, then we recommend you to read on:
The practice that uses stones in order to construct homes, schools, commercial establishments etc is simply called as stone masonry.
Despite living in 21 century, stones still have a tremendous use in constructing walls, columns, lintels, footings etc. Stones are available in large quantities but not in all parts of India. These are used in construction work after being cut and properly dressed to size and shape. Besides these areas of use, stones are also used in the construction of monumental structures in India which is followed by people from ancient times.
Different Ways of Stone Masonry Construction
1. All the stones used for masonry shall be hard, tough, compact and durable. It should have compact grains and uniform texture.
2. The stones should be laid on their natural beds.
3. The pressure acting on stones should not act parallel to the bedding planes. This shall split the stones.
4. The bond stones and headers should not be of a dumb-bell shape.
5. Corbels, cornices, string courses and other projecting courses are built by so placing the stones that their natural bed is parallel to the face of supporting wall.
6. Proper bond should be maintained throughout the masonry.
7. Under the ends of girders and roof trusses large flat stones should be used.
8. In case of sloping retaining walls, the bed of stones and plan of the courses should be at right angle to the slope.
9. Joints in the stone masonry should not be too smooth to loose friction.
10. The hearting of the masonry should be properly filled with chips (spalls) and mortar so that no hollow is left.