Pepper cultivation , especially in greenhouse pepper cultivation , attracts attention as one of the most demanding and fastest yields in a short time. The most important application bearing the vegetable cultivation in India each season, as we know, are greenhouse applications.
First of all, we recommend that you check out the Greenhouse How-To Guide for information about greenhouse cultivation .
This application, also known as ground pepper cultivation , makes a difference due to the rate of profitability over time.
What is Greenhouse? What is Sera Pepper?
Greenhouse is the name of greenhouse to see the light and heat holding environment where the climatic conditions required for the production of vegetables and fruits in every season. If desired, the greenhouse can stick with high quality and thick tarp or glass application.
Greenhouse pepper is a pepper which is obtained from the preparation of the hot environment with the help of greenhouse for the healthy growing of the peppers. The pepper in tomato family can be produced as bitter or sweet.
Green pepper is a kind of vegetable that grows especially in hot environment and this is the reason why it can be grown in the greenhouse in the most efficient way.
Types of Pepper That Can Be Produced in Greenhouse
If you provide all of the pepper species with the necessary seedlings, you can produce them in the greenhouse without any problems. The most common consumption of pepper species in our country is as follows;
- Chili pepper,
- Green pepper,
- Big red pepper
- Conical pepper,
- Tomato type pepper,
- Green pepper,
Greenhouse Pepper Content
Pepper is especially healthy in terms of vitamins and minerals. It is one of the food types recommended by experts for human health. The main options can be listed as follows;
- A, B1, B2, B6 and Vitamin C
Greenhouse Pepper’s Climate and Soil Request
We need to give a few details about the appropriate ambient temperature and soil type desired by greenhouse pepper. It is important to keep in the foreground the details such as soil and air temperature, even if it is greenhouse production. Let’s lean more to the details.
SERA PEPPER CLIMATE REQUIREMENTS
Pepper, regardless of hot climate is located in the top of the loving plants. Pepper cultivation is grown for 1 year in warm air environments. In hot climates, several years can be produced efficiently.
In the germination process 15 ° C is the ideal temperature level.
Especially in the greenhouse, even if you need to protect peppers from the risk of frost. Temperatures below 15 ° C are dangerous for pepper. The ideal temperature range should be between 18 ° C and 26 ° C. If the temperature is above 35 ° C, the product does not die, but the development process is noticeably slowed.
21 ° C to 26 ° C will be ideal during the development process. At night in the greenhouse, the 15 ° C to 17 ° C range is the ideal temperature range.
GREEN PEPPER SOIL REQUIREMENT
Temperature, greenhouse pepper is one of the musts as well as soil preference is also one of the most important options. Pepper is a product that needs moist soil. Dry soil pepper yield will not be healthy.
Irrigation is always of great importance to keep the soil moist, even if it is greenhouse pepper. It is important in all respects to maintain a humidity level of around 65% in the soil. Heavy soil is one of the options that should be avoided, regardless of clay and clay.
Soil pH value is very important. The pH value of the soil of pepper production should be in the range of 5-6 or 6-8. At the same time, soil conservation is one of the details to be avoided.
PREPARATION OF GREEN PEPPER
Covering pepper , whatever the ground should be planted in the rest. If you are doing a single-term greenhouse pepper at the end of the spring at the end of the harvesting period of the soil until the beginning of autumn with a certain period of time by driving and watering to rest.
When the planting time is reached, you can adjust the sewing distances to 100 × 40 cm. For double row planting, this detail is used as 50 × 50.
Greenhouse Pepper Irrigation, Fertilization, Mulching and Pruning Details
As we mentioned above, the need for moisture and water is extremely high. This is especially important in the production of greenhouse pepper. Of course, it is also important to support production with fertilizer. Let’s analyze the details on these issues.
SERA PEPPER IRRIGATION REQUIREMENTS
No excess age, no dry soil. For greenhouse pepper, moist soil is very important, especially around 65%. It is always beneficial to keep soil and plant roots moist by the irrigation technique we call drip. A particularly healthy dripline is very important in greenhouse production.
GREEN PEPPER FERTILIZATION REQUIREMENTS
Fertilizer support is extremely important in all plant production. Pepper also supports all kinds of organic organic matter in the soil. Burned barn manure application up to 4 tons will be very useful. It is also possible to provide chemical fertilizer support containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
SERA PEPPER PREPARATION REQUIREMENTS
Greenhouse pepper is one of the plants that needs to be regularized in time. Sprouts showing on the trunk can be cleaned by hand until the main fruit branches of the peppers occur. 2 or 3 main branches are left behind and a healthy, regular plant formation is produced.
SERA PEPPER REPLACEMENT REQUIREMENTS
Even if you live in a cold climate zone, even if you are in the greenhouse, you should consider the peppers affected by frost. In order to keep the temperature of the air and soil at an ideal level, the additional cover (mulching) will be extremely healthy.
Diseases And Harmful Living Organisms In Greenhouse Pepper
In the greenhouse, many different diseases or harmful live on pepper seedlings begin to occur. These creatures should be kept under constant control as they have a serious negative impact on vegetable production.
DISEASES IN SERA PEPPERS
Greenhouse peppers need to be especially careful against diseases. Get detailed information about these diseases. Some diseases are as follows;
Pepper root collar burn,
- Downy mildew,
- Body burn,
- Powdery mildew,
- Moldy mildew,
- White rotten,
- Fruit decay,
HARMFUL LIVES IN SERA PEPPERS
In the greenhouse pepper leaves over time, the worm norms can show themselves in harmful living things. These species are as follows;
- Daraburn of
- Tel Kurdu,
- Pepper worm,
- Pepper Gal Fly,
- Sarıcay Akarı,
Sera Beriberi Harvest Period
In the production of greenhouse pepper, especially the harvesting period starts with the introduction of hot air periods. Early harvesting is also possible in sera peppers.
In general, it is possible to harvest pepper actively from March on wards. In case of obtaining the correct soil and air temperature, it is possible to make pepper harvest very densely every 2 days.
Collecting correctly without damaging the fruit stalks does not damage the production network. Every damaged leaf has a negative effect on harvest efficiency.