It is the responsibility of management to ensure that a safety manual is prepared which shall include the following:
Responsibilities of Plant Manager
The following are the prime responsibilities of plant manager:-
1. Active participation in all safety management activities and programmes.
2. Enforcement of all safety norms.
3. Making adequate provisions against hazards of all type including those due to fire, chemicals etc.
4. Assignment of proper personnel to meet emergency and related rescue work.
5. Shouldering the overall responsibility of safety management.
6. Delegation of powers to various departments to carry out such measures which will ensure safety in each department thus upholding the proper safety standards in each and every department.
7. Submission of the annual safety report highlighting the achievements, failures and improvements.
8. Active participation as the permanent chairman of the safety committee.
9. Advising the safety department in connection with special hazards and unforeseen situations.
10. Through checking of injury reports and to express views on the same.
11. Encouragement of research and development in the field of safety including use of modern technology of safety appraisal.
Responsibilities of Engineers
The following responsibilities of Engineers are as under:-
1. Ensure safe working conditions.
2. Provide necessary protective equipment and ensure its use.
3. Provide properly maintained tools and equipment.
4. Design properly planned work to be performed in a safe manner.
5. Assign employee the jobs which they are capable of doing safely.
6. Take immediately steps to correct any violation of safety rules observed or reported to them.
Responsibilities of Individuals
The following responsibilities of individuals are as under:-
1. Individuals must act so as to provide. Safety to themselves, Safety to fellow employees, Protection to the public, Protection to the company property.
2. Every employee is expected to study the relevant safety manual, familiarize himself with its contents and apply them to his work.
3. Before attempting any work under conditions that one considers to be unsafe, he must bring these conditions to be attention of the person in charge of work and seek his advice.
4. It will be the duty of every employee to report promptly to his Engineer-in-charge any dangerous or improper condition.
5. All accidents which results in injury or not should be promptly reported to Engineer-in-charge.
Responsibilities of Line Supervisors
The following are the main responsibilities of line supervisors:-
1. Imparting training and education to all categories of employees (experienced, novice or new entrants as well as transferred) in safety procedures and norms.
2. Assessment of need of safety procedures and their proper enforcement.
3. Regular testing and monitoring of the working environment, plants etc.
4. Active participation in safety and housekeeping committees.
5. Regular and through safety inspections and to exhort the supervisors for proper repair and maintenance.
6. Acceptance of direct responsibility in the matter of safety programmes.
7. Investigation of all accidents (fatal and non fatal) and preparation of injury reports.
8. Assignment of special duty for certain experienced employees to help out new entrants or transferred employees not quite conversant with the plant and safety norms.
9. Carrying out of monthly safety meetings.
10. Assisting the personnel to cope with emergency situations as for example accidents due to fire gas leaks etc.
11. Arrangement of special training in case of new equipment or work procedures.
12. Improvement of the safety programme and to enhance the effectiveness of the same.
Responsibilities of Safety Manager (Full Time)
The prime responsibilities of full time safety managers/specialists are as follows:-
1. Assistance in the formation of safety committees and its smooth functioning.
2. Assistance to top managers to frame safety policies and continue follow-up actions regarding their enforcement.
3. Attention of concerned managers to be drawn in case of any infringement of the said policies so that corrective measures could be adopted in time.
4. Enforcement of all safety norms, rules, regulations, codes and laws relating to safety as envisaged by the central, state or local authorities along with proper maintenance of legal records and necessary reports pertaining to safety.
5. Stimulating and coordinating the work of others.
6. Inspection to locate unsafe conditions and practices.
7. Investigating injuries.
8. Seeing that corrective action is taken to avoid recurrences.
9. Maintaining and analysing the work injury and illness record.
10. Publicizing safety materials.
11. Checking on company compliance with federal, state and local regulations regarding work safety and health.
12. Supervising the procurement and distribution of personal protective equipment.
13. Checking on or aiding in safety aspects of training.
14. Awareness as to the latest research and development regarding safety equipment and hazardous materials, amendments in laws, regulations, rules, codes, new techniques of accident prevention in the field of safety management.
15. Approval or rejection of industrial plant layouts including industrial plants, machineries and equipment (including hazard monitoring, detection and warning equipment) in addition to personal protective equipment followed by recommendation of right type of industrial plant layout and equipment.
16. Study of measurement of environmental hazards regarding radiation, noise pollution, air pollution etc.
17. Complete planning for waste disposal of harmful or toxic wastes in full corroboration with the standards laid down by the pollution control boards.
Responsibilities of Workers in the Field of Safety
The following are the major responsibilities of workers:-
1. Acquaintance with safety norms, rules, regulations, laws, codes etc., in connection with safety management.
2. Abiding by the instructions, rules and regulations regarding safety.
3. Abiding by the orders of the authorities in the matter of the safety.
4. Alacrity on the part of workers while working.
5. Pointing out to the authorities any lacuna in the work procedures, defective tools and machineries, defective controls and lack of repair and maintenance which may result in hazardous situations.
6. Check out personal habits, as for example alcoholism, drug addiction, untidy habits and manners and clumsy working etc.
Responsibilities of Trade Union in the Field of Safety
The following are the major responsibilities of the trade unions:-
1. Cooperation with the government and insurance companies to locate the unsafe conditions or any defective or unsafe acts being followed in the undertaking after through inspection of the workplace concerned.
2. Organisation of training exclusively for safety so that the problem of safety in jointly faced by the trade union leaders as well as the workers.
3. Observation and collection of data regarding safety matters including working under hazardous situation in workplace, non compliance with safety rules etc. A charter of demands may be put up to improve working conditions etc., and to negotiate with the management to reach an accord.
Responsibilities of Contractor
The following are the major responsibilities of contractor:-
1. The safety discipline as existing in the industrial plant shall be binding on the contractor and in the event pf conflict the decision of the safety officer shall be final.
2. The contractor shall employ persons with appropriate experience and qualification to supervise safety specific.
3. The contractor shall engage qualified supervisor with diploma or degree of the relevant subject to carry out jobs of hazardous nature.
4. The contractor shall commence work only after a written permit from the safety officer.
5. The contractor shall not deviate from safe procedures by using shortcut method or by passing the safety devices.
6. The contractor shall not engage the same staff continuously for more than 12 hours a day.
7. The contractor shall coordinate with engineers and employees of the industrial plant in all safety aspects.
8. The contractor shall provide standard and quality personal protective equipment to his workers.
9. The contractor shall be responsible for all safety aspects regarding his employees as provided in the existing laws, rules and regulations.
10. The contractor shall not exact the work from the workers beyond their capacities i.e., employing less number of workers, beyond the normal duty hours etc.
11. The contractor shall take insurance policies, ESI, EPF etc., for the workers as the statutory requirements of the laws and rules in force.