In this comprehensive article, we are going to adress the types and functions of a typical Ecosystem.
Types of Ecosystem:
Here are two main types of Ecosystem:
1. Natural ecosystem:
They are self regulating systems without much direct human interference and manipulations. For example, ecosystem existing in ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, oceans, seas, forests, grasslands, deserts, etc.Based upon the particular kind of habitat, the natural ecosystems are further categorized into terrestrial and aquatic. Terrestrial ecosystems include forests, grasslands and deserts. Aquatic ecosystem can be either fresh water (ponds, lakes, streams).or salt water (merine, estuaries) type.
2. Artificial Ecosystem:
They are man made. Human activities modify or convert natural ecosystems. For example, natural forests are cut and the land is used for plantations or agricultural systems. Other example of artificial ecosystems include gardens, parks and aquaria.
Functions of Ecosystem:
A highly diverse ecosystem is a sign of a healthy system. All the living world relies on the natural environment. It is in our best interests and the interests of our future generations to conserve biodiversity and our resources. The benefits and services provided by ecosystem are as follows:
1) Generation of soils.
2) Maintenance of soil, air and water quality.
3) Pest control.
4) Detoxification and decomposition of wastes.
6) Crop production.
7) Climate stabilization.
8) Prevention and mitigation of natural disasters.
9) Provision of food security and heslth care medicines.
10) Income generation.